Amartya Sen is an Indian economist born on 3 November 1933, In Santiniketan, British India.
His father Ashutosh Sen, Who was the professor of Chemistry at Dhaka University, and his mother Amita Sen, Who was the daughter of Kshiti Mohan Sen. Amartya comes from Bengali Kayastha Family.
Sen has been married three times. First, he was married to the Indian writer Nabaneeta Dev in 1958. In 1975, They divorced. In 1978, He married to the Italian economist Eva Colorni. In 1985, She died, because of stomach cancer. and now currently married to British economist historian Emma Rothschild. Sen has 2 daughters from his first wife, whose names are Antara Dev Sen and Nandana Sen. He has also 2 children from his second wife, Daughter name is Indrani Sen and son name is Kabir Sen.
In 1940, He started his High school education at St Gregory’s School in Dhaka. After one year, He entered in Patha Bhavana, Santiniketan. In 1951, He entered in the Presidency College, Kolkata, where he earned the B.A degree in economics with first class.In 1955 He moved to Trinity College, Cambridge to earned second B.A degree in Pure economics with first class. He was selected as a President of Cambridge University where he was the student of Ph.D
Sen started his career both as the teacher and research scholar in the department of economics at Jadavpur University as a professor of economics. He started work at “Choice of Techniques”. In the year 1960s -1970s, Sen helped to develop the theory of social choice. In 1981, He published Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. Sen interested in Famines statements from his personal experience. he also wrote a controversial Article “The New York Review of Books” entitled the “More Than 100 Million Women Are Missing”. In 1999, Sen Further had advanced and redefined the capability approach in his book named “Development as Freedom”. In this book, Sen specified the five types of freedom like political freedom, economic facilities, social opportunities, transparency guarantees, and protective security. In May 2007, He appointed as a chairman of Nalanda Mentor Group, Where he worked to examine the framework of an international corporation. In 2009, He published his another book “The Idea of Justice”, which is based on previous work in welfare economics and social choice theory.
- He was the great economist, but he was not good with his own money.
- He was named by Rabindranath Tagore.
- He was born on a University campus.
- He served as a president of the economic society, the International Economic Association.
- He called as “the Mother Teresa of Economics”
- When Narendra Modi became a Prime Minister of Indian, He said that Modi would not make a good Prime Minister. Later he changed his view.
Awards and Achievements:
- In 1954, He won the Adam Smith Prize.
- In 1998, He received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics science.
- In 1999, He received the Bharat Ratna Award.
- In 2004, He received the Lifetime Achievements Award by the Indian Chamber of commerce.
- In 2011, He received the National Humanities Medal.
- In 2017, He received the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science.
What can we learn from Him??
Like Amartya Sen, Make your life goal Work hard to fulfill it. Focus on your goal, do not think about others.