Angela Merkel



Angela Merkel is German politician, Born on 17 July 1954, In Hamburg, West Germany.

Family Background:

She is the daughter of Horst Kasner and his wife Herlind. Her father was Protestant theologian and her mother was a teacher. She has two younger siblings, brother Marcus Kasner, and sister Irene Kasner.

Personal Life:

In 1977 at the age of 23, She married Ulrich Merkel. They divorced in 1982. On 30 December 1998, she married Joachim Sauer, who is quantum chemist and professor. She is Sauer’s second wife. They have no children but Sauer has two adult sons.


She was the good student in school and excellent in Russian and Mathematics. After completing her school education, She entered in the University of Leipzig in 1973, where she obtained the degree in physics and completed in 1978. In 1978, She joined the Central Institute of Physics Chemistry of the Academy of Science, where she earned the doctorate for her thesis on quantum chemistry in 1986.


Near the end of her studies, She sought an assistant professorship at an engineering school. In 1990, She had stood for an election at the first post-reunification parliamentary elections and she was elected. After winning the election, She appointed as the minister of women and Youth under Helmut Kohl. In 1994, When she had been promoted to minister for the Environment and Nuclear Safety, Kohl had given her a more important role in the cabinet. She received greater political popularity in her new role which helped in accelerating her career. In the year 2000, She achieved more success, When she was elected to replace CDU leader Wolfgang Schauble. As a CDU leader, she enjoyed the popularity. She supports the German labor law changes as she had felt that existing laws limited the nation’s competitiveness. On 22 November, She had assumed office as the Chancellor. She signed the declaration with India, Which greatly boosted Indo-German relation. In 2009, She was elected to the second term.

Unknown Facts:

  • Forbes named her as “Most powerful woman in the world” 10 times.
  • She called as Mutti, Means Mommy by German Supporters.
  • She is Europe’s longest-serving elected woman leader.
  • She is afraid of dogs.

Master Stroke:

  • In 1998, She appointed as Secretary-General of the CDU. She became the first women who attain a post in the party history.  

Awards and Achievements:

  • In 2006, She received the vision of Europe award.
  • In 2008, She received the Charlemagne Prize.
  • In 2010, She received the Leo-Baeck-Medal.
  • In 2011, She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
  • In 2013, She received the Indira Gandhi Prize.

What can we learn from Her??

Like Angela Merkel, being able to achieve a compromise is a useful tool at the time of conflict.

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