Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee


Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the 10th and the first Prime Minister of India who was not a member of the Indian National Congress party to have served a full five-year term in office born on 25 December 1024, In Gwalior.

Family Background:

He was the son of Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and his wife Krishna Devi. His father was a school teacher in his hometown. His mother was a homemaker. He had six siblings including three brothers, Avadh Bihari Vajpayee, Prem Bihari Vajpayee, Suda Bihari Vajpayee, and three sisters, Urmila Mishra, Vimala Mishra, and Kamala Devi.

Personal Life:

Vajpayee never married during his life. He lived still a bachelor. Vajpayee had adopted Namita Bhattacharya, the daughter of BN Kaul and Rajkumari Kaul, who was very close to his friends and relatives.


He had started his education at Saraswati Shishu Mandir then he had gone to Victoria College from where he had graduated with distinction in Hindi, English, and Sanskrit. Later he had enrolled at DAV college and completed his post-graduation and received his M.A in Political Science.


In 1951, He had associated with the Bharatiya Jana Sangh. He had become a loyal follower of Mookerjee and supported him during his fast-unto-death in Kashmir in 1954. In 1957, Vajpayee had been elected to the Lok Sabha for the first time from Balrampur. In 1968, He had been made the national president of the Jana Sangh after the death of Deendayal Upadhyaya. In 1977, The BJS had been united with the Bharatiya Lok Dal and the Socialist Party to form the Janata Party. After the success of the Janata Party in the General Elections, Vajpayee had become the Minister of External Affairs under Prime Minister Morarji Desai’s government. In 1979, Morarji Desai’s Resignation as Prime Minister, when Vajpayee had in collaboration with Lal Krishna Advani and Bhairon Singh Shekhawat had formed the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980 and became the party’s first president. In 1993, He had become the Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. In November 1995, At a BJP conference in Mumbai, He had been represented as the Prime Ministerial candidate of BJP. In May 1996, Vajpayee had been sworn in as the Prime Minister. However, He had resigned after 13 days since BJP could not obtain a majority. In 1988 He had been again sworn in as Prime Minister after BJP began as the single largest party and formed the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) with other political parties. He had introduced many economic and infrastructural reforms like strengthening of private sectors, encouraging private research and development, bringing about the privatization of certain government-owned enterprises, etc. His major projects signified National Highway Development Project and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. In 2001, He had invited the Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf to India with a view to improving Indo-Pak relations. However, this attempt could not achieve many triumphs for India. In 2001, He had launched the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Vajpayee had resigned as Prime Minister in 2004 after Congress appeared as the single largest party in the general elections.

On June 11, 2018, He had been admitted to hospital due to a critical health condition. on 16 August 2018, At the age of 93, He passed away at All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS), Delhi after the prolonged illness.

Unknown Facts:

  • As a teenager, Vajpayee had been jailed briefly for opposing British colonial rule.
  • Vajpayee had become the first person to deliver a speech in Hindi at the UN Assembly.
  • Vajpayee had a law degree from the DAV College in Kanpur onward with his father.
  • Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh called him the Bhishma Pitamah of Indian Politics.

Master Stroke:

  • This towering political character had been the only parliamentarian to had been elected from four different states at different times namely UP, MP, Gujarat, and Delhi.
  • He had a deep love for Hindi and had also written several poems.


  • In 1975, He had been arrested along with other leaders during the Internal Emergency imposed by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi.
  • He had been also criticized to incite the public for the demolition of “Babri Mosque” in Ayodhya Uttar Pradesh.

Awards and Achievements:

  • In 1992, He had been awarded Padma Vibhushan.
  • In 1994, He had taken the Lokmanya Tilak Award.
  • In 1994, He had won the Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant Award.
  • In 2014, He had received the Bharat Ratna.

What can we learn from Him??

Like Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Take patient, success will come with you. Learn from your Past.

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