David Baltimore

David Baltimore


David Baltimore who is an American Biologist, University Administrator, and Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine born on March 7, 1938, In New York, U.S.

Family Background:

He is the son of Richard Baltimore and his wife Gertrude Lipschitz. He had been raised as an Orthodox Jew.

Personal Life:

In October 1968, He had married Alice Huang. The couple had one daughter. Alice Huang is also a biologist specializing in microbiology and virology.


In 1956, He graduated from Great Neck High School. In 1960, He had received his Bachelor’s degree with high honor at Swarthmore College. He had entered graduate school at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in biophysics but soon his interest shifted to animal virology. He obtained his doctorate in 1964


In 1965, He had joined the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, California, as a Research Associate, Where He had worked in association with Dr. Renato Dulbecco and performed important research on the mechanism of replication of the poliovirus. In 1968, He had accepted the position of Associate Professor of Microbiology at the Department of Biology at MIT. which is One of his colleagues at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Alice S. Huang had also moved to MIT and the two worked together on Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV). Over the course of their work, Baltimore and Huang demonstrated that VSV, an RNA virus, reproduced itself by means of an unusual enzyme that copies RNA by a process not involving DNA. The couple eventually married. In 1973, He had also become an American Cancer Society Professor of Microbiology. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Baltimore had focused on two RNA tumor viruses Rauscher murine leukemia virus and Rous sarcoma virus and discovered reverse transcriptase through his experiments. In 1990, He had been appointed the sixth President of Rockefeller University in New York City. In 1997, He had become President of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), a position he resigned from in 2005. In 2006, He had been elected to a three-year term as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Unknown Facts:

  • He is the 6th President of the California Institute of Technology.

Master Stroke:

  • In 1970 David Baltimore isolated a Reverse Transcriptase an enzyme used to generate complementary DNA (cDNA) from two RNA tumor viruses: R-MLV and RSV. It is mainly connected with retroviruses though several non-retroviruses also use the process of RT.

Awards and Achievements:

  • In 1974, He had been received the NAS Award in Molecular Biology for distinguished leadership in virus research, and for his discoveries on the reproduction and enzymology of RNA viruses.

What can we learn from Him??

Like David Baltimore, Never think about others opinions. do your research continuously in any field.

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