Harold Wilson was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, born on 11 March 1916, In England.
He was the son of James Herbert Wilson and his wife Ethel Wilson. His father was an industrial chemist by profession. Initially, he was an active member of the Liberal Party, but after First World War he had joined the Labour Party. His mother was a former schoolteacher. He had an elder sister named Edith Marjorie Wilson.
On 1 January 1940, Harold Wilson had married Gladys Mary Baldwin, He met her in 1936. They had two sons, Robin and Giles. Mary had been also a poet, having ‘Selected Poems’ published in 1970.
In 1920, He had begun his education at New Street Elementary School, Milnsbridge, studying there until 1927. In 1927, He had entered Royds Hall Grammar School with scholarship, studying there until 1932. He had been a good student, who topped in almost all subjects. In 1932, He had entered Wirral Grammar School, studying there till 1934. In 1934, financed by an exhibition and a council grant, Harold had entered Jesus College, The University of Oxford with Modern History. But at the end of the year, He had switched to Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE). In 1937, Wilson had earned his Bachelor of Arts degree with a first class and alphas on each paper. In the similarly year, He had begun his career as a lecturer of Economic History in New College.
In 1943, He had become the Director of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Fuel and Power, holding the position till 1944. In 1947, He had been appointed Secretary for Overseas Trade, in which capacity he made several trips to the USSR. Later on 29 September 1947, He had become President of the Board of Trade, thus becoming United Kingdom’s youngest Cabinet Minister since 1792. In 1951, When it had been announced the National Health Service, which had been designed as a free service, would charge the patients, Wilson resigned from his post along with the Minister of Health, Aneurin Bevan. The gesture made him even more popular. Labour had won the general election on 16 October 1964 a narrow majority, and Wilson had become the prime minister the first time. After a short but successful reign Labour won a healthy bulk of 99 seats. On 10 October 1974, He had called for another general election, in which the Labor Party won by three seats. In 1975, notwithstanding his success in the social sector, He had to face study as the number of unemployed passed 1,000,000.
Harold Wilson passed away on 24 May 1995 from colon cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. He had been then 79 years old and was survived by his wife and children.
- His full name was James Harold Wilson.
- He was also known as Baron Wilson of Rievaulx.
- Harold Wilson is recognized for managing a number of complex political issues such as Britain’s participation in the Vietnam War with tactical ease. He had refused to send forces to Vietnam, sighting British military presence in the Suez Canal as the reason, instead offering verbal support for the American position.
Awards and Achievements:
- He received the Officer Of The Order Of The British Empire award.
What can we learn from Him??
Like Harold Wilson, Do your work calmly. Always ready to learn something new.