Nelson Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader born on 18 July 1918, In South Africa.
He was the son of Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa and his wife Nosekeni Fanny. His father was served as a local chief and counselor to the monarch. Nosekeni Fanny was Gadla’s third wife. Gadla’s had Nine daughters and four sons.
Mandela had married three times during his career. In October 1944, He had married Evelyn Ntoko Mase. They divorced in 1958. In June 1985, He married second wife Winnie Madikizela-Mandela. They blessed with two daughters. In 1996 they divorced. On his 80th birthday in July 1998, He married his third wife Graca Machel.
Mandela had received his secondary education from a reputed institution, a post which He had enrolled at the Methodist college in Fort Beaufort in 1937. Later he had attended the University of Fort Hare to attain his graduation Degree. In 1941, He had moved to Johannesburg and had completed his BA via correspond course during the night.
Post completing his BA in 1943, Mandela had enrolled at the University of Witwatersrand to initiate his law studies. He had been the only native African in his class. Mandela had entered the ANC under the leadership of Sisulu, who was increasingly influencing Mandela. In 1947, Mandela had been appointed the position of a Secretary at the ANCYL. In 1950, Mandela had been selected as the national president of the ANCYL. The government, in order to counterattack the operations, authorized military law and mass arrest. They had even prevented Transvaal ANU President J. B. Marks from making public expressions, a result of which had been Mandela taking up the position as his successor. In 1955, Mandela had made the Congress of the People, with active preoccupations from the South African Indian Congress, the Coloured People’s Congress, the South African Congress of Trade Unions and the Congress of Democrats. The main aim of the move had been to evoke South Africans and ask them to send in proposals for a post-apartheid era. From 1961 until 1962, Mandela had traveled throughout the country in a covered avatar and spread the mass stay-at-home strike. He had been also involved in organizing the ANC’s new cell structure Umkhonto we Sizwe or ‘Spear of the Nation’, commonly known as MK.
- He had a cameo role in a Spike Lee film.
- His birth name was Rolihlahla.
- He had drawn his inspiration from a poem.
- In 1952, He had risen to fame for his Defiance Campaign and Congress of the People in 1955. The campaign involved non-violent action of defiance against South African government and its racial policy.
- He had been the founder of the Umkhonto we Sizwe or ‘Spear of the Nation’, commonly known as MK.
- Mandela had generated controversy throughout his career as an activist and politician having detractors on both the right and the radical left.
Awards and Achievements:
- In 1980, He had received the Jawaharlal Nehru Award.
- In 1993, He had received the Nobel Peace Prize.
- In 2009, The United Nations General Assembly announced Mandela’s birthday as ‘Mandela Day’, as an effort to pay tribute and homage to his great work in the anti-apartheid movement.
- Mandela became the only living person to be awarded the privileged Canadian citizenship when he received the Order of Canada.
What can we learn from Him??
Like Nelson Mandela, Learn how to forgive. Bond by sharing experience.