Phillip Allen Sharp is an American geneticist and molecular biologist who co-discovered RNA splicing born on 6 June 1944, In Kentucky.
He is born to Katherine and Joseph Sharp.
In 1964, He married Ann Holcombe. They blessed with three daughters. Ann had worked as a preschool teacher in Newtown, Massachusetts.
He earned his early education from an array of public schools in Pendleton County. Later He had started off by studying at McKinneysburg Elementary School. He recorded in Butler Elementary and High School and had Finishing off his higher education from Pendleton County High School. On the demand of his parents, He joined the Union College, a liberal arts school in eastern Kentucky, majoring in chemistry and mathematics. Completing his graduation, He had decided to study further and entered into the University of Illinois. In 1969, He had completed his Ph.D. In chemistry from the University of Illinois.
While He had studied for his Ph.D., Phillip Allen Sharp had tried upon reading the 1966 volume of The Genetic Code. The work propelled his interest in molecular biology and genetics. He did his postdoctoral training at the California Institute of Technology in an examination program in Molecular Biology. He studied Plasmids, how they acquired genomic sequences from the bacterial chromosome. In 1974, Biologist Salvador Luria had offered Sharp a place at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He joined MIT’s Center for Cancer Research, which is now known as the Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research. In 1977, He and his team had find-out that the messenger RNA of an adenovirus corresponded to four separate, discontinuous segments of DNA. In 1985, Sharp had been appointed Director of MIT’s Center for Cancer Research, a position He had served until 1991. From 1991, He had been made the head of the Biology Department until 1999. Following his stint at MIT, In 2000, He took up a directorship at the McGovern Institute for Brain Research, serving in the position until 2004. Currently, He serves as a professor of Biology and a member of the Koch Institute. Since 1999, he has been an Institute Professor.
- He grew up on a farm.
- In 1977, He demonstrated how RNA can be divided up into introns and exons after which the axons can be joined together. That is, can occur in different ways, giving a gene the potential to form a number of different proteins.
Awards and Achievements:
- In 1988, Along with Thomas R Cech, he won the 1988 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize.
- In 1988, He won the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award.
- In 1999, He received the Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences of the American Philosophical Society.
- In 2011, He had been elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society.
- In 2015, He received the Othmer Gold Medal.
What can we learn from Him??
Like Phillip Allen Sharp, Perfection is not achievable, but If you chase perfection you can catch excellence.