Stephen Hawking, who is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author born on 8 January 1942, In Oxford, England, United Kingdom.
He is the son of Frank Hawking and his wife Isobel Hawking. His mother was Scottish. He has three siblings, Edward Hawking, Philippa Hawking, and Mary Hawking. Edward was the adopted son of his parents.
Stephen married twice in his life. First, he married Jane Wilde, a friend of his sister. They married On 14 July 1965. The couple has three children, Robert, Lucy, and Timothy. In 1995, the couple divorced. After divorced with Jane, He married Elaine Mason. They divorced in 2006.
He started his school education at Byron House School in Highgate from London. Later, He attended the Radlett School, an independent school at the village of Radlett for a year. From September 1952, He attended the St Albans School. In October 1959, He started his University education at University College, Oxford. In 1962, He had completed his graduation with honor. later He went Cambridge University and obtained a Ph.D. degree.
In 1968, He became the member of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge. In 1973, Stephen had visited the Moscow. He had discussions with Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich and Alexei Starobinsky, which had helped him to come up with ‘Hawking radiation’. In the following year, He had become a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1977, He had been appointed as a professor with a chair in gravitational physics. In 1979, He was selected as Lucasian professor of Mathematics at the Cambridge University. Stephen and Jim Hartle published a model the “Hartle-Hawking state”, the concept of the beginning of the Universe meaningless. He lost his voice after tracheostomy in 1985, as a result, he had required 24 hours care. In 1988, Hawking receives the international prominence for the first time with the publication of ‘A Brief History of Time’ In 1993, His famous collection of essays, Interview, title “Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays” published. He also wrote some essays including “The Universe in Nutshell”, “God Created the Integers”. In 2009, Stephen retired as Lucasian professor of Mathematics.
- He is a Children’s book author.
- He believes in the possibility of Aliens.
- He did not like Biology.
- He has many awards.
- In 1972, He had discovered the second law of black hole dynamics.
- In 2010, He declared that his latest work shows there was no creator of the universe and also said that science will explain the beginning of the universe.
Awards and Achievements:
- In 1966, He won the Adams Prize.
- In 1975, He received the Eddington Medal.
- In 1978, He received Albert Einstein award.
- In 1985, He won the Gold Medal of the Astronomical Society.
- In 2006, He won the Copley Medal.
- In 2009, He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
- In 2013, He won the Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics.
What can we learn from him??
Like Stephen Hawking, Always think positive. Lookahead, Never go backward in your life.